Human beings are one for the major components of any organizational/ institutional ecosystem. The capacity and ability of humans to perform and to manage, determine the extent of the organization. Humans acquire the capacity and ability to perform from continuous learning and experience. Later, we, humans, carry forward this learning and understanding in managing problems and fulfilling responsibilities at our workplace.
Scientific Human Resource Management is a new discipline but the practices of human resources management can be dated back to 2000 B.C. when Chinese used employee-screening technique and Greeks used an apprentice system to select and train individuals for jobs. The rapid industrialization of Great Britain during the late 1700s and early 1800s witnessed the evolution in Human Resource Management.
Human Resources Management(HRM) is related with all the aspects of how people are employed and managed in organizations. HRM is a strategic, integrated and coherent approach to the job market and development and well-being of the people working in organizations. It is the process through which management builds the workforce and tries to create the human performances that the organization needs.
To define it, Human Resource Management is a process of bringing people and organizations together so that the goals of both can be met. Human Resource Management (HRM) is a management function which is concerned with hiring, motivating, and maintaining people in an organization. The main focus of this management function is on people working in/for the organization.
Definitions from Scholars
According to M.L. Cuming,“ Human Resource Management is concerned with obtaining the best possible staff for an organization and having got them looking after them so that they want to stay and give their best to their jobs.”
Edison defines Human Resource Management as the science of human engineering.
Dale Yader defines Human Resource Management as that part of the phase management progress which is primarily concerned with the human constituents of an organization.
Objectives of Human Resource Management
Human Resource Management function basically focuses on the human and the management aspect of any organization. Hence, the objectives of HRM glorifies the workforce in the organization and the actions, values and concerns of those workforce to fulfill organizational short-term and long-term goals. Some of the well-defined objectives of human resource management are;
- To develop an effective coordination and communication within the organization.
- To define an organizational structure which drives employee and organizational productivity.
- To align and integrate individual and group goals with the organizational goals.
- To identify and define the individual and group needs and necessities such as fair wages/salaries, incentives concern, social security, recognition and rewards etc.
- To strengthen and maintain a healthy relation between management and the organizational workforce.
- To continuously strengthen the human assets through proper training and development programs.
- To maintain a healthy relationship among the employees and to establish a favorable working environment.
- To motivate the employees and keep their morale high.
- To manage employee and organizational data and to manage related compliances.