Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) is a statutory body established in 1956 by an Act of Parliament no. 60 (with the latest amendment by Act No. 10 2006). KVIC is functioning under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Government of India.
Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation for India, had referred ‘Khadi’ as ‘The livery of freedom’. In 1920, the Indian National Congress encouraged ‘Khadi’’ by establishing the first Khadi Production Center at Katiawad, gujrat. ‘Khadi’ was used as a political campaign for providing a solid expression towards the Swadeshi Ethos to boycott foreign made products. Also, Khadi provided the opportunities to every household to be part of socio-economic and non-cooperation political movements.
Objectives of Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)
The establishment of KVIC has three main objectives:
- Social Objective: KVIC is dedicated to providing employment in rural areas. From the very inception of the organization, KVIC has been providing opportunities to women and men. In the year 2018-2019, 146.99 lakhs individuals were employed by KVIC under various projects. Khadi and Village Industries are the sources of livelihood for around 15 million rural and urban population.
- Economic Objective: KVIC economic objective is to produce saleable articles. In 2018/19, KVIC had production worth Rs. 58,130.34 crore and total sales was worth Rs. 74292.09 crore.
- Wider Objective: KVIC is focused on creating a self-reliance among people and building up a strong rural community spirit. KVIC has various programmes for facilitating and developing employees and communities. There are 35 departmental training and non-departmental training centers.Annual Report 2018/19, KVIC
Functions of Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)
- KVIC is charged with the planning, promotion, organization and implementation of programs for the development of Khadi and other village industries in rural areas.
- KVIC is a reserve bank for raw materials and implements supply to the producers.
- KVIC is responsible for organizing training programmes for artisans engaged in Khadi and Village industries and for encouraging cooperative efforts.
- KVIC is entrusted with the task of providing financial and non-financial assistance to the institutions and individuals for development and operation of Khadi and Village industries.
- KVIC is accountable for ensuring the originality of the product and providing assistance to set and ensure the standard of quality of products.
- KVIC is charged to encourage and promote new researches for increasing quality, capacity and productivity, removing durdery and enhancing competition.
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